textual criticism

Thumbnail image for Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace (Part 8)

Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace (Part 8)

19 April 2010 Biblical Studies

Part eight of the series “Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace.” Thus, we have demonstrated the importance of patristic evidence for the textual criticism of Heb 2:9. Because Origen’s citations pass the appropriate tests (the grammar of the citation is not significantly affected; the author may be quoting directly from a text; our critical edtion is reliable; and the readings are preserved in the original Greek), it should be reckoned as a powerful witness to the text of Hebrews during that time period. Moreover, since in context it makes little difference which variant he chooses, Origen’s witness seems rather strong, at least for Alexandria.

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Thumbnail image for Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace (Part 7)

Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace (Part 7)

12 April 2010 Biblical Studies

Part seven of the series “Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace.” Irenaeus seems to be fighting the same battle in Book 3 of Adversus haereses. In III.16.9, he lays out the testimony of Paul in an attempt to refute the notion that there is a divine Christ distinct from a human Jesus; he wants to show that they are one and the same.

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Thumbnail image for Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace (Part 6)

Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace (Part 6)

5 April 2010 Biblical Studies

Part six of the series “Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace.”

Origen mentions the χωρίς reading of Heb 2:9 six times, four of which are preserved in Greek, two in the Latin translations by Rufinus. ((Commentary on John, I.35, XXVIII.18 (bis); Dialogue with Heraclides, 27; Commentary on Romans III.8 and V.7. See Garnet,“Hebrews 2:9.” I have adopted where applicable the Sources Chrétiennes system for labeling chapters, rather than the system used by Garnet.)) While Origen does not seem to declare a preference for either reading, he does seem to favor the χωρίς reading over χάριτι.

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Thumbnail image for Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace (Part 5)

Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace (Part 5)

10 August 2009 Biblical Studies

Part five of the series “Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace.”

Before considering Origen’s citations, however, let us review the methodological considerations relevant to the use of “patristic” citations. One of the issues associated with using patristic citations as text-critical evidence involves the notion of quotation in the ancient world. Those who seek to use patristic evidence must adequately address a host of issues in order to deem those citations useful.

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Thumbnail image for Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace (Part 4)

Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace (Part 4)

3 August 2009 Biblical Studies

χωρίς has a claim to originality based on a number of internal criteria. While it is less common than χάρις in the New Testament, it is actually more common than χάρις in Hebrews.

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Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace (Part 3)

27 July 2009 Biblical Studies

When we turn to internal evidence, however, the argument no longer favors χάριτι; indeed, as Bart Ehrman has argued regarding χωρίς, “there can be no doubt concerning the superiority of this poorly attested variant.” This certainty can be illustrated best if we assume the priority of one variant and then attempt to explain how it was altered or corrupted into the other.

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Thumbnail image for Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace (Part 2)

Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace (Part 2)

20 July 2009 Biblical Studies

What then is the external evidence in favor of each reading? The manuscript evidence in support of χάριτι θεοῦ is very strong. The major manuscripts that favor this reading include P46 א A B C D 33 81 330 614 itar,b, comp, d, v vg copsa, bo, fay, as well as others.

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Thumbnail image for Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace (Part 1)

Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace (Part 1)

13 July 2009 Biblical Studies

Part one of the series “Hebrews 2:9 – Separated by Grace.” Bruce M. Metzger’s A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament explains why the committee behind the text of Nestle-Aland’s Novum Testamentum Graece (NA) and the United Bible Societies’ Greek New Testament (UBS) chose one reading over another. However, as Metzger himself admits, given […]

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