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The Epistles of John (Part 32): 1 John 3:23–24

by Stephen Hebert on Monday - 16 March 2009

in Biblical Studies, New Testament

This is the 32nd part in an ongoing series on the Epistles of John.

English Standard Version Nestle-Aland 27
And this is his commandment, that we believe in the name of his Son Jesus Christ and love one another, just as he has commanded us. Whoever keeps his commandments abides in him, and he in them. And by this we know that he abides in us, by the Spirit whom he has given us. Καὶ αὕτη ἐστὶν ἡ ἐντολὴ αὐτοῦ, ἵνα πιστεύσωμεν τῷ ὀνόματι τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ καὶ ἀγαπῶμεν ἀλλήλους, καθὼς ἔδωκεν ἐντολὴν ἡμῖν. καὶ ὁ τηρῶν τὰς ἐντολὰς αὐτοῦ ἐν αὐτῷ μένει καὶ αὐτὸς ἐν αὐτῷ· καὶ ἐν τούτῳ γινώσκομεν ὅτι μένει ἐν ἡμῖν, ἐκ τοῦ πνεύματος οὗ ἡμῖν ἔδωκεν.

Whoever keeps his commandments abides in him, and he in them.

Central to the Johannine understanding of the Christian life is this notion of “abiding” or “remaining” in Christ. This is typically expressed by some form of μενέω + ἐν + dative. This little section spells that out a little bit more for us.

First, we are given his commandment: to believe in the name of Jesus Christ, and to love one another. It’s really that simple. Whoever does this abides in Christ. Likewise, as we are abiding in Christ, Christ is abiding in us.

How do we know that he abides in us? We know because we feel the Spirit which he has given us.

First and foremost, I think the idea here can best be expressed by this term: κοινωνία (see 1 John 1:1–7 and my thoughts on 1:6–7 for a little more). Often translated as “fellowship,” κοινωνία, in my view, is a highly specialized term in Johannine literature that encompasses this idea of remaining or abiding in someone or something. The ultimate purpose and goal of the Christian life is to experience this κοινωνία. If we aren’t experiencing that, then we are missing the boat. κοινωνία with God is the end-all be-all — there is nothing that can be more important to us.

How do we know if we are in this κοινωνία relationship? The simple answer is the Spirit. The Spirit of God dwells in us when we are κοινωνία-ing (awesome verb, eh? It’s Greenglish, deal with it!) with him. In my personal experience this has been a very tangible effect. I have felt the Spirit dwelling in my heart. I know of no other way to explain it. I am not a joyful, gracious, kind person. By nature I am none of those things. Perhaps the Spirit can be seen actively working through me when others see in me these traits. That’s the only way that I can offer you any kind of evidence.

The bottom-line is that we must consider and obey his commandments. We must put our faith into his mystical name, and we must love one another. Then we are given the opportunity to ascend to a higher κοινωνία with him.

Article Series - The Epistles of John

  1. The Epistles of John (Part 1): 1 John 1:1–4
  2. The Epistles of John (Part 2): 1 John 1:5
  3. The Epistles of John (Part 3): 1 John 1:6–7
  4. The Epistles of John (Part 4): 1 John 1:8–10
  5. The Epistles of John (Part 5): 1 John 2:1
  6. The Epistles of John (Part 6): 1 John 2:2
  7. The Epistles of John (Part 7): 1 John 2:3–6
  8. The Epistles of John (Part 8): 1 John 2:7–8
  9. The Epistles of John (Part 9): 1 John 2:9–11
  10. The Epistles of John (Part 10): 1 John 2:12
  11. The Epistles of John (Part 11): 1 John 2:13
  12. The Epistles of John (Part 12): 1 John 2:14
  13. The Epistles of John (Part 13): 1 John 2:15
  14. The Epistles of John (Part 14): 1 John 2:16
  15. The Epistles of John (Part 15): 1 John 2:17
  16. The Epistles of John (Part 16): 1 John 2:18
  17. The Epistles of John (Part 17): 1 John 2:19
  18. The Epistles of John (Part 18): 1 John 2:20
  19. The Epistles of John (Part 19): 1 John 2:21
  20. The Epistles of John (Part 20): 1 John 2:22
  21. The Epistles of John (Part 21): 1 John 2:23–25
  22. The Epistles of John (Part 22): 1 John 2:26–27
  23. The Epistles of John (Part 23): 1 John 2:28
  24. The Epistles of John (Part 24): 1 John 2:29
  25. The Epistles of John (Part 25): 1 John 3:1–3
  26. The Epistles of John (Part 26): 1 John 3:4–6
  27. The Epistles of John (Part 27): 1 John 3:7–10
  28. The Epistles of John (Part 28): 1 John 3:11–12
  29. The Epistles of John (Part 29): 1 John 3:13
  30. The Epistles of John (Part 30): 1 John 3:14-18
  31. The Epistles of John (Part 31): 1 John 3:19–22
  32. The Epistles of John (Part 32): 1 John 3:23–24
  33. The Epistles of John (Part 33): 1 John 4:1–3
  34. The Epistles of John (Part 34): 1 John 4:4–6
  35. The Epistles of John (Part 35): 1 John 4:7-8
  36. The Epistles of John (Part 36): 1 John 4:9
  37. The Epistles of John (Part 37): 1 John 4:10
  38. The Epistles of John (Part 38): 1 John 4:11-12
  39. The Epistles of John (Part 39): 1 John 4:13–14
  40. The Epistles of John (Part 40): 1 John 4:15
  41. The Epistles of John (Part 41): 1 John 4:16–17
  42. The Epistles of John (Part 42): 1 John 4:18–19
  43. The Epistles of John (Part 43): 1 John 4:20–21
  44. The Epistles of John (Part 44): 1 John 5:1
  45. The Epistles of John (Part 45): 1 John 5:2-3

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